Activities

 

Luxemberg

Our board member and HMV's editor in spe George Theves continued his contributions to veterinary history by the following publications:

* "Die thierischen Nahrungsmittel in der Diätetik des 18. Jahrhunderts am Beispiel der Materiae medicae des H.J.N. Crantz".

Bulletin de la Société des Sciences Médicales à Luxembourg, 11, 45-63, 1999.

Abstract: H.J.N. Crantz (1722-1797), a physician and botanist born in the Duchy of Luxembourg and practicing in Vienna under the Empress Maria Thersia during the 18th century, deals in his Materiae medicae et chirurgiae, written in Latin language, also with animal foodstuff. Animals of various species are commented upon the utility of their meat and products to maintain health or to recover after illness. The relevant items of the text are summarized and presented in free translation. Some explanations are added.

* "L'inspection des viandes au cours de la 2e moitié du 19e siècle, reflet du progrès des sciences appliquées". Annales de médecine vétérinaire, 145(2), 103-116, 2000.

Abstract: Meat inspection as applied science was born in the second half of the 19th century due to research on tuberculosis and on intestinal parasites that can be carried over to man by pigs and bovines. It was only during that period that meat inspection was taken over by veterinarians from expert-butchers. At the same time as a greater need for meat was growing as a consequence of increase of the population in urban areas after industrialization came into effect, a group of professionals denied the danger of infected meat for human health. Epidemiology and bacteriological methodology finally allowed to solve these problems. Development of modern chilling techniques assured better conservation of meat and meat products. At the end of the 19th century important legislation on meat inspection appeared throughout Europe.